University of Iowa President Bruce Harreld said he “declare[s] a climate crisis” Monday in an interview with The Daily Iowan — but he went further to contemplate the UI community’s action to end it.
“We declared a climate crisis,” he said. “We just did it and it’s now on tape. There’s a climate crisis. What are we going to do about that climate crisis?”
As institutions such as the University of Illinois declare climate emergencies and the pressure builds for their peers to follow suit, Harreld said a climate crisis is not as important as the action taken to address it beyond just declaring its existence.
“Of course we’ve got a climate crisis,” Harreld said. “But it amazes me how we now feel comfortable that we’ve said we’ve got a climate crisis… So we’ve got to think about what the impact is on this campus, and what we will stop doing that we’re currently doing, what we need to start doing that we’ve never done.”
He said UI Senior Vice President for Finance and Operations Rod Lehnertz and a group of undergraduate graduate, staff, and faculty leaders have convened over the last several months to address climate issues and answer the “now what?”
“I think it’s the ‘now what?’ that really make a difference. I think that’s what will really stand out,” Harreld said. “I’ve been really worried that we’re going to end up using all this really important energy to make a statement.”
Iowa City climate strikers demanded earlier this fall that the UI pledge to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions, close its coal-burning Power Plant, and commit to 100 percent renewable energy instead of its standing goal of 40 percent.
Harreld said Monday that the university is committed to being coal-free by 2025 — a goal that Lehnertz has said could now possibly be reached by 2023 depending on the partner involved in its potential public/private partnership to operate the campus utility system.
Many universities switch from coal to natural gas, Harreld said, which still leaves a major carbon footprint. The UI will move to biomass instead, he said.
Despite the number of people calling for the UI Power Plant to close its doors, Harreld stressed that it only accounts for around one-fourth of the university’s electricity load.
“People say this shut that plant today,” he said. “I’ll shut that plant today. How are you going to keep the [UI Hospitals and Clinics] patients warm? How are you going to keep the residence halls warm?”
Harreld said he believes in climate change, but that it’s a much bigger issue of sustainability. Although he hopes the carbon-footprint problem can be solved, Harreld said he fears it’s becoming too late to make a meaningful difference in reversing the threat of climate change.
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“… The bigger set of issues beyond that is that we’re consuming things on this planet faster than we can replenish them,” Harreld said.
UI Office of Sustainability and the Environment Director Stratis Giannakouros called climate change “the issue of the century,” stating that it’s not all about carbon consumption. The issue is also around biodiversity, resource consumption, and land use.
Giannakourous said he supports a potential Sustainability General-Education course for students to expand campus climate resources.
“When we think about how we produce energy, how we use water — all these things are opportunities for us to educate students,” Giannakouros said.
Once it’s coal free, the UI wants to substitute the natural gas it burns and think about where it pushes steam around campus and how to reduce the footprint of UI Hospitals and Clinics, Giannakouros said.
“It’s one thing to say that we want to decarbonize, but sitting down in a room and figuring out strategies … is the next step,” Giannakouros said. “We have educational goals, we have operational goals — all those goals are there.”
Shared-governance leaders this fall have taken steps to recognize the threat of climate change. The Faculty Senate will consider a climate-emergency resolution at its Tuesday meeting. UI Student Government and the Graduate and Professional Student Government passed a climate resolution at their joint session earlier this fall.
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Giannakouros agreed with Harreld that a climate resolution is symbolic but the hard work is figuring out its action. He said he thinks the UI is up for the challenge because of a cooperative Facilities Management and engaged faculty and students.
Harreld stressed that an empty statement on climate crisis is not enough, unless it leads to concrete action.
“We have a climate crisis,” Harreld said. “But the question is, ‘What do we need to do beyond that?’ And that’s where I think the real important actions are — at the University of Illinois, or Iowa, or other places.”