UI professor Ryan LaLumiere receives $2.13 million grant for heroin relapse study

UI Psychological and Brain Sciences Associate Professor Ryan LaLumiere recently received $2.13 million from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to study the brain’s impact on heroin relapse.

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UI professor Ryan LaLumiere receives $2.13 million grant for heroin relapse study

Matt McGregor demonstrates how to use some of the lab equipment on Monday, October 7.

Matt McGregor demonstrates how to use some of the lab equipment on Monday, October 7.

Megan Conroy

Matt McGregor demonstrates how to use some of the lab equipment on Monday, October 7.

Megan Conroy

Megan Conroy

Matt McGregor demonstrates how to use some of the lab equipment on Monday, October 7.

Grace Culbertson, News Reporter

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In 2005, Ryan LaLumiere dabbled in studying the connection between the brain and heroin in a lab at the Medical University of South Carolina. When the opioid crisis’ second wave hit the U.S. five years later, LaLumiere ran his own lab at the University of Iowa and geared all his efforts toward investigating cocaine and heroin relapse. 

LaLumiere, an associate professor in the psychological and brain sciences department, recently earned a five-year, $2.13 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to support his proposed study. 

He will analyze neural circuits — signals sent between brain neurons to complete tasks — and changes in these circuits to find which circuits inhibit heroin relapse and which promote heroin-seeking, LaLumiere said. 

“Relapse is the big problem in drug addiction,” LaLumiere said. “We can get people to stop taking it for a while, but then they go right back to it.” 

LaLumiere’s study focuses on the insular cortex — a region of the brain that controls emotional responses and impulsive behavior in the frontal lobe.  The insular cortex acts as a switch between the amygdala, which promotes impulsive behavior, and the nucleus accumbens, which inhibits impulsive behavior.

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The cocaine-seeking study implied that the amygdala encourages drug-seeking, while the nucleus accumbens inhibits drug-seeking behavior, LaLumiere said. However, he predicts that the insular cortex can send projects between the amygdala and the nucleus accumbens, resulting in signals that encourage relapse. 

“I think that’s really interesting. The idea that there’s actually competing circuits in the brain for control over drug-seeking behaviors,” LaLumiere said. “Most people focus on the circuits that promote the behavior, but actually there are circuits that prohibit the behavior, and we want to know how that works.” 

LaLumiere said his team will explore this hypothesis with the new grant. The lab’s end goal is to better understand drug-seeking behaviors in the brain, he said, and eventually be able to use non-intrusive brain stimulation to alter these behaviors.

For more than a year, Undergraduate Research Assistant Vanessa Alizo has assisted the graduate students in LaLumiere’s lab. Her tasks include rat husbandry and transcribing and analyzing data.

“[The project] has impacted [my future career] a lot since I’m currently applying for graduate school. I’m looking to work in this same area,” Alizo said. 

As she applies for schools on the west coast, Alizo said she hopes to shift her focus from drug-seeking to food-seeking. 

Senior Behavioral Health Consultant at Student Wellness Steph Beecher said this kind of research would especially benefit college students, because drug relapse can cause major problems later in life.  

“When we think about college-aged students, your prefrontal cortex is not yet developed,” Beecher said. “What happens with substance use is your neural pathways can actually change, so someone who has addiction can be more susceptible to drug use later on in life.”  

 

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